Project leader


Funding source

Forte – the Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare

Project Details

Start date: 01/01/2019
End date: 31/12/2021


Project participants: Ben Wilson, Caroline Uggla and Stefano Cantalini.
The overarching goal of this project is to understand the combined influences of origin and destination contexts on immigrant childbearing. Context includes both social and cultural norms surrounding parenthood and the policy measures that facilitate or inhibit particular fertility patterns. To clarify the role of context in childbearing dynamics, we generate both within-country and across-country comparisons. First we focus on Sweden, a country with relatively high fertility, sustained immigration, and generous supports for combining parenthood and work, and high quality data. We focus on immigrants from low fertility countries where couples often fall short of their ideal family size, and ask whether Sweden’s family-friendly welfare state provides such immigrants opportunities to realize their childbearing intentions. Second, we compare immigrants from the same origin countries in different destination countries in Europe, and with those who remained in their origin country (non-migrants).
Such comparisons take simultaneously into account contexts of origin and destination, and also allow us to identify the role of immigrant selectivity. In our project, we study immigrant integration through the lens of family demographic change. The project contributes to strengthen Swedish demographic research in the realms of fertility in general and the fertility behavior of migrants and their demographic integration in particular.


Tønnessen, Marianne, Eleonora Mussino, "Fertility patterns of migrants from low-fertility countries in Norway", Demographic Research, DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2020.42.31

Eleonora Mussino, Ben Wilson and Gunnar Andersson (2021). The fertility of immigrants from low fertility settings and their descendants: Adaptation in the tempo and quantum of childbearing Demography 

Lindström, Jonathan, Eleonora Mussino, Livia Oláh (2021). Childbearing among Women with Polish Migrant Background in Sweden: A Combined Origin-Destination Country Approach Accepted in Journal of Population Research

Wilson, B. (2020) Understanding how immigrant fertility differentials vary over the reproductive life course, European Journal of Population, 36, 465-498,

Tønnessen, M. and Wilson, B. (2020) Visualising immigrant fertility profiles of childbearing and their implications for migration research, Journal of International Migration and Integration, Published online: July 2020,

Eleonora Mussino, Giuseppe Gabrielli, Livia Ortensi and Salvatore Strozza (2021) Fertility Intentions Within a 3-Year Time Frame: a Comparison Between Migrant and Native Italian Women Journal of International Migration and Integration online first

Nadja Milewski, Eleonora Mussino (2019), New aspects in fertility of migrant and minority populations in Europe: Norms, attitudes, and intentions in fertility and family planning. Collection in Comparative Population Studies (CPoS) Vol. 43 (2018): 371-398.

Eleonora Mussino and Livia Ortensi (2019), Same fertility ideals of the country of origin norm? A study of the personal ideal family size among immigrant women in Italy. Collection in Comparative Population Studies (CPoS) Vol. 43 (2018)

Working papers:

Eleonora Mussino (2021). Do leave policies impact fertility? The case of immigrants from low-fertility countries in Sweden  SRRD 2021:22

Eleonora Mussino, Stefano Cantalini (2021). Influences of origin and destination on migrant fertility in Europe  SRRD 2021:08

Eleonora Mussino, Stefano Cantalini (2021). Multiple-origin and Multiple-destination: The Fertility of Migrants in Europe SRRD 2020:47


Interview about the project: What influences migrant fertility in Sweden?



Eleonora Mussino, “Influences of origin and destinations on migrant fertility” University of Melbourne February 2020 and SUDA colloquium April 2020


Eleonora Mussino, “Migration and Integration Research in the Nordics with 50 years of NDS” Nordic Demographic Symposium Reykjavik June 2019 

Eleonora Mussino, “Immigrant fertility” Final conference Spade May 2019