Ongoing project presentation "Challenges to Welfare State Systems in Lithuania and Sweden"

Short summary

This project aims to explore the challenges, problems and future prospects of the pension and family supports systems – the most important constituent parts of the welfare state – in the contemporary Lithuanian and Swedish societies. Special attention will be paid to developments in the last ten years - since 2007 up to now. During this period, countries have experienced economic and financial crisis, which in Lithuania and Sweden was felt in different years, and to different degrees, countries have also differed in policy measures implemented to overcome the crisis. This period is also characterized by new demographic challenges, which can have long-term consequences for the future of the welfare state systems.
The comparative analysis of the Lithuanian and Swedish welfare state systems will respond to a number of theoretical and empirical questions that are relevant to the contemporary welfare state studies: whether in reforming social policy, policymakers have to encourage private responsibilities or to increase the state’s obligations. Should the pensions system be reformed so as to increase the influence of the private pension funds? How should be the pay-as-you-go principle combined with the cumulative principle in reforming pension insurance? What kind of family policy measures are best suitable to solve the problems of child poverty and to ensure gender equality?"